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Degree Regulations

General Regulations


Vaasa Polytechnic, subsequently to be referred to as the Polytechnic, consists of three educational units, which are the Unit for Technology and Communication, the Unit for Business Economics and Tourism and the Unit for Health Care and Social Services. In addition to these, the Polytechnic has an Administration and Financial Unit, a Development and Study Affairs Unit and a Research and Service Unit.

Educational Task

The task of the Polytechnic is contained in the Law and Act on Polytechnic Education (351/2003 and 352/2003).

The Polytechnic provides polytechnic level education in the fields of Technology and Communication, Social Sciences, Business and Administration, Tourism, Catering and Domestic Services as well as Health Care and Social Services.

The goal of the Polytechnic education is to train professionals and developers for the working life. In addition to this educational function, the Polytechnic does research and development to serve the needs of the instruction and the working life. Research and development concentrates on regional development and cooperation with small and medium-size businesses.


Completed studies at the Polytechnic yield an academic degree.

The following degrees are provided by the Polytechnic:

  1. Tekniikan ammattikorkeakoulututkinto (in Finnish), Bachelor in Engineering
  2. Liikatalouden ammattikorkeakoulututkinto (in Finnish), Bachelor in Business Administration
  3. Yrkeshögskoleexamen inom företagsekonomi (in Swedish), Bachelor in Business Administration
  4. Matkailu- ja ravitsemisalan ammattikorkeakoulututkinto (in Finnish), Bachelor in Hospitality Management
  5. Yrkeshögskoleexamen inom turism- och kosthållsbranschen (in Swedish), Bachelor in Hospitality Management
  6. Sosiaali- ja terveysalan ammattikorkeakoulututkinto (in Finnish), Bachelor in Health Care and Social Services

The specific titles of Polytechnic degrees for the part of the education during academic year 2004-2005 in accordance with the decision made by the Ministry of Education are the following:

  • Insinööri (AMK); Bachelor of Engineering
  • Tradenomi; Tradenom; Bachelor of Business Administration
  • Restonomi (AMK); Restonom (YH); Bachelor of Hospitality Management
  • Sairaanhoitaja (AMK); Bachelor of Nursing; Terveydenhoitaja (AMK); Bachelor of Public Health Nursing;
  • Sosionomi(AMK); Bachelor of Social Services

The Ministry of Education decides on the new degree specific titles.

Organising Polytechnic Education

Degree Programmes

The Polytechnic implements degree programmes as ratified by the Ministry of Education each academic year. The degree programmes for academic year 2004 - 2005 with their respective scopes and specialisation alternatives follow the decision made between Vaasa Polytechnic, the City of Vaasa and the Ministry of Education for 2004-2006.

The degree programme is an entity of studies designed and provided by the Polytechnic, focusing on a field of duties and their development, requiring vocational and professional expertise to meet the needs of working life.

The scope of a degree programme is 140-160 credit units. One credit unit equals an average of 40 hours of student work.

The degree programmes are composed of basic studies, specialised professional studies, practical training, a thesis and a maturity test. To obtain the right to practice a profession, the sector of Health Care and Social Services has observed the Law and Act (559/94 and  564/94) and the EU special directives concerning nursing.

The degree programmes are divided into specialisation alternatives, with the professional studies being partly directed into a unit that forms the basis for a professional field.

Study Units and Curricula

The studies will be planned and provided in periods, these forming the basic unit of studies and teaching. Part of the studies is compulsory, another part alternative or optional.

The curriculum of each degree programme specifies the name of each study unit, gives the scope in credit units, the goals and objectives, contents, amount of teaching and practical training as well as the assignments required.

The curricula of the degree programmes are approved by the Board of the Polytechnic.

Studies at the Polytechnic

Basic Studies

The scope of basic studies is 60 - 100 credit units. The studies at the Polytechnic are divided into general basic studies and professional basic studies.

The aim of the basic studies is to familiarise the student with the objectives and contents of Polytechnic studies, to provide a foundation common for all further Polytechnic studies.

General basic studies common to all students comprise Introductory Studies, Entrepreneurship and Society, Languages and Communication and Data Processing. In addition, Mathematics and Natural Sciences are included in the general basic studies.

The objectives of the professional basic studies in each degree programme is to familiarise the student with the concepts, essential theoretical and professional knowledge and skills together with major research results within the fields relevant for the degree programme. The purpose is to provide the student with a broad outline of the position and significance of the field concerned in the society, working life and international environment.

Language Studies

In the language studies common for all, the student must attain

  1. a proficiency in both Finnish and Swedish which meets the requirements set in Law (149/22) concerning state officials and a proficiency that is an absolute condition for pursuing a career and professional development
  2. a written and oral proficiency in one or two foreign languages which is an absolute condition for pursuing a career and professional development.

The Polytechnic may, because of birth status or other special reason, exempt the student from what has been regulated in clause 1.

Specialised Professional Studies

The scope of specialised professional studies is 20 - 40 credit units. The objective is to familiarise the student with the traditions of the respective professional fields, essential problem entities and applications with their scientific basis, so that the student is able to function independently in his/her professional field in specialised tasks and assignments after completed studies.

Specialised professional studies are divided into compulsory, alternative and free-choice studies.

Free-choice Studies

The extent of free-choice studies is at least 10 credit units. In addition to the Polytechnic’s own selection of free-choice studies, the Polytechnic may accept studies from other polytechnics and universities home and abroad.

The respective unit will accept the combination of free-choice studies.

Practical Training

Practical training is planned to form a study entity incorporated in the study programme, with defined objectives, scope, contents and manner of performance. The extent of practical training is at least 20 credit units.

The objective is to familiarise the student under supervision with tasks at work both with applying the knowledge and skills in working life and with developing the student's professional basic proficiency. Insight into professional ethics of one's field is part of the objectives of practical training.

The educational unit in question is liable for acceptance and supervision of practical training as a part of the degree programme. In general, it is the student who is responsible for finding an employer who offers work placement, but the unit will assist in organising it. With regard to studies in Health Care and Social Services the unit concerned is, as a general rule, responsible for supplying a place for practical training.

Practical training abroad is recommended.

Thesis and Maturity test

The extent of the Thesis is 10 credit units. The aim is to prove the student's ability to apply his/her knowledge and skills in professional and specialised tasks related with professional studies.

The thesis can be a single or multifield problem-oriented project, experimental or theoretical research work or design or development project. This project always contains a written part, oral presentation and maturity test.

It is possible to do the Thesis as group-work, but then the share of each student must be identifiable for assessment.

Assessment of the project focuses on the student’s activity, skills in independent acquiring and processing of information, recognising, analysing and solving of professional and scientific problems in one's own field, also in new practical situations, as well as in the quality of the written and oral presentations.

The maturity test is written on the topic of the thesis, given by the supervising lecturer under supervision. The maturity test is assessed both from the viewpoint of content as well as linguistically and the grade given is either a pass or a fail. The topic of the thesis is accepted and the procedure defined by the respective unit.

Credit Transfer

Studies completed earlier or practical training corresponding to study units in the degree programme or parts of them may be accepted on the student’s request as part of the studies. When accepting credits that are to be transferred the performance certificates and the relevance must be checked.

A similar procedure is employed during the course of the studies regarding study units completed at other organisations.

Completing a Degree

To complete the requirements for taking a degree at the Polytechnic the student must

  1. participate in the forms of work of the study units of the degree programme in such a way that the objectives of the study units are fulfilled,
  2. complete the study units described in the curriculum to be assessed as defined below,
  3. complete the requirements for practical training,
  4. complete the thesis,
  5. complete the maturity test.

The Rector grants the degree and issues the certificate following the unit´s motion.

The studies required for the degree have to be completed within a period of time that is one year longer than the scope of the degree programme.

The scope of studies in adult education depends on the degree programme. The studies required for the degree have to be completed within a period of time that is one year longer than the scope of the degree programme.

Assessment and Certificates

Fulfillment of the Polytechnic degree objectives is assessed through an oral or written examination, an assignment or any other reliable methods of the assessment.

Assessment of the subjects is related to the set objectives. The following scale of grades is employed: very good (5), good (4 and 3), pass (2 and 1), and fail (0) or as follows: pass (S), fail (0). In addition, in credit transfer markings substituted (K) and exempted (V) are used.

Study units are assessed by the examiner in question. The results of assessment are public. The student is entitled to feedback on his/her performance, to be given by the examiner. In rectifying the assessment, the procedures stated in the Polytechnic Law (351/2003) and the Act on Polytechnics (352/2003) are complied.

The performance of a subject may be retaken a maximum of two times.

In addition to the degree and the degree programme, the certificate should contain the potential specialisation alternatives, the specialised professional studies, the essential contents of the degree, the topic for thesis, the language of the maturity test as well as the assessment of study achievements.

The student has the right to receive an extract from the study register from the institute during the course of his/her studies.

Miscellaneous Provisions

Planning, Developing and Assessment of Teaching

Planning and organising of the degrees, degree programmes and curricula together with their constant development, occurs both in collaboration with the other units and at the respective unit.

Development of the degree programmes will take place in co-operation with the universities and the representatives of working life.

Transfer Student Admission

A student can be admitted to Vaasa Polytechnic´s undergraduate degree programme outside the national Joint Application System if:

  1. The applicant is enroled as Polytechnic student.
  2. The student is transferring from one polytechnic to another to complete the same degree in the same degree programme.
  3. The student resigns from his/her former polytechnic.
  4. The transfer student is able to complete the degree within the remaining study time.

Transferring within the Polytechnic to another degree programme is possible only within the same field of study and with the same admission criteria.

More detailed instructions on transfer student admission can be obtained from Vaasa Polytechnic Quality System Directives.

The Rector, based on the statement of the Deputy Rector, makes the decision concerning transfer student admission.

Application of Degree Regulations

In case the need arises to interpret these degree regulations as a matter of discretion, the general principles of legal safety must be observed thereby.

Prior to taking decisions, all the parties involved must be sufficiently heard. All the decisions must be based on accepted standards and norms and should be public.

Regulations Concerning Transition and Validation

These degree regulations will become valid after being accepted by the Board. These degree regulations are valid from August 1, 2004 to July 31, 2005.

Document maintainer: Elisabeth Malka
Last updated: 15.9.2004, Jarkko Ala-Louvesniemi
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